COMMUNE OF MOULIS EN MEDOC, Protected designation of origin
The Moulis en Médoc AOC is the smallest Médoc Appellation. This is a land of windmills, legends and great wines. It is said that Moulis takes its name from the presence of windmills ("moulins" in French) in the area. Legend also has it that it competed with Rome and almost became the seat of Christianity. A pope, whose name has since been forgotten, ordered that two churches be built: one in the Médoc, the other on the banks of the Tiber. He declared that the commune surrounding the first completed church would receive the name of Rome. As it turned out, Moulis had to content itself with staying as it was, which, at the end of the day, was not so bad. The Gods in fact made up for the injustice by giving the soil of Moulis everything needed to make great wines. The Moulis terroirs are close to those of Listrac. From east to west, they consist of a huge Garonne gravel massif particularly conducive to cultivating Cabernet Sauvignon. In the centre, the clay-limestone soil is ideal for Merlot, and in the west, a terroir consisting of Pyrenees gravel has all the qualities for optimal development of both grape varieties. In the Middle Ages, farmers were not interested in the "bad pebble" section (origin of the name of the Maucaillou locality, "mauvais cailloux" meaning bad pebbles in French). In these poor soils, only the vine plant has been able to yield exceptional results. Today, the commune covers 600 hectares of vineyards: a dozen-odd crus bourgeois and other growths.